2022全国大学生英语竞赛备赛锦囊:大/小作文模板+常用短语/句型

 

在英语口译笔译翻译行业,每年的考试是重头戏,因为只有拿到了证书,才算是入了门,有了敲门砖。小伙伴们,据说每年报名大学生英语竞赛的同学都在130万左右。平均下来,大部分组织参赛高校的报名人数也就两三千人。而大英赛的初赛是校内举行,即使全国有130万同学参加,真正和你竞争的只是本校的两三千人而已。并且大英赛是分类别进行的,每个类别还要再分走一批参赛者。还有很大一部分人是报名后就忘记了,弃考率很高;部分同学开考前抱着不能浪费报名费的心态去观摩一下试卷质量、监考水平。所以,真的要和我们竞争的人数会比你想象中的要低很多。

其他部分可能也救不了大家了。但是,作文还可以挣扎一下!作文题是竞赛题中的重头戏,如果在作文题方面有良好的表现和发挥,对于整个竞赛成绩,会达到一个“四两拨千斤”的效果。

英语翻译作文总分30分,占竞赛题比重20%。今天小编给大家总结了大作文,小作文的写作模板以及一些拉分句型,大家抓紧熟悉一下。在初决赛笔试中,写作题分为Section A小作文和Section B大作文两部分。

01

大英赛-小作文

小作文( ≧100words )(10分)通常是图表类,首先要读懂图表所表达的信息,然后突出其中主要的信息,省略一些次要和多余的信息,同时注意,用文字描述的时候要做到清楚而全面!(不排除考应用文(如书信)的可能性。但是这种类型作文很简单,建议大家考前花小半天背背格式即可)

说明文/描述文(常见有柱状图、饼状图以及表格)

常用作文模板:开头:As is vividly /symbolically shown /described /depicted /illustrated /revealed in the drawings /photos /pictures, we can find with ease that——(据图所示,我们可以很清楚地看出…)

中间:由上述所表示的情况写出现象背后的本质

结尾:提出自己的想法(解决方法、办法或手段)Under such circumstances, we ought to take drastic(强烈的) measures to lessen(减轻) the phenomenon. Only in this way can the problem be solved.

描述图表内容:◆ 总起句,介绍图表主题①According to the chart /As is shown in the chart, we may see that the number of…has been increasing /decreasing.②The chart, reveals /demonstrates /indicates the (striking) change in…③The most prominent trend shown in the chart of … is an enormous decline in the number of…

◆ 描述数据趋势①上升: increase, raise, rise(from…to…), grow, surge, soar, skyrocket, move /go up, incline, rebound(回升), surpass(超过), pick up, show an upward trend /in increasing trend, etc.

②下降: decrease, descend, drop, reduce, fall, shrink, plunge, plummet, lessen, diminish,  dwindle, decline, etc.

③其他: remain, be stable, fluctuate(波动), level out(持平,趋于平衡)

表示上升或下降的词常会和表示时间持续的词连用,如:year by year(逐年)for … years /decades

巧用表示程度的副词和短语,如:slightly, steadily, immensely(=extremely)dramatically /in a dramatic way显著地               (increase) with a sharp rise(grow) by leaps and bounds 突飞猛进地(the number) is temporarily(暂时地) higher /smaller than those of…

以上提到的副词也可转变为形容词用来修饰名词,如 an enormous decline, a slight increase 等。此类形容词还有continuous, marginal, drastic, obvious, smooth等。描述具体数据:①开头to be exact /specific, statistically②泛指:the majority /minority③概数:about, approximately④峰值:最高级⑤倍数:the figure nearly doubled in…; twice as many as those in…,⑥比例:…accounts for the largest portion, xx%; …makes up about xx%, xx% consists of...

逻辑连接词:①相似:similarly②对比:on the contrary, by contrast, in contrast to, while, whereas③连接:…, which is followed by…④其他:respectively(分别地)

总结以上分析(简洁、辩证看待):①With the above analysis, we can conclude that…②In conclusion /general, the chart suggests that…③All in all, it is clear to see that…

02

大英赛-大作文

大作文( ≧140words)(20分)通常是常规的议论文,偶尔也会考察记叙文,但是议论文出现的次数是最多的,一般是题干中描述了一种社会现象,然后让你去做出一个评价,比如说你是赞成呢,还是反对这种现象。在写大作文的时候,最重要的是要有理有据、条理清晰、逻辑通顺。

议论文

常用作文模板:开头:When talked about——,the overwhelming(压倒性的)majority of people are of the opinion that——,but others think a little bit differently that——There has been a heated discussion about ——. Some people think that—(正观点), others, however, are of the opinion that—(反观点).

中间:Those who argue that——(正观点) have the reasons as followsFirst,——Second, —— Third /Besides, ——Others also have their own opinions.(反观点)On the one hand,——On the other hand,——Last but not the least,——

结尾段:To sum up /In conclusion /In summary /From what is said above, I hold that——(自己的观点,多为中立)

03

常用短语/句型

常用短语:

More importantly 更重要的是When it comes to 当提到某件事时In this way /By this means 通过这种方式As far as I know 据我所知As far as I'm concerned 就个人而言In other words 换句话说In a word /In short /In brief 总之In order to 为了As well as 也

常用句型:句型1:As society develops, people are attaching much importance to....随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............

句型2:As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it.关于是否值得___________的问题,一直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此可能持不同的观点。

句型3:In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma.在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。

句型4:Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that....最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心______________。

句型5:The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, with the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention.人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随之给我们带来了很多问题。

句型6:...... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world._______显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题。

句型7: Now we are entering a new era, full of opportunities and challenges,现在我们正在进入一个充满机会和挑战的新时代,

句型8 : There are a good side and a bad side to everything, it goes without saying that...万事万物都有其两面性,所以,勿庸置疑,____________.

句型9 : As far as I'm concerned,the advantages far overweigh the drawbacks(disadvantages, shortcomings).我认为,优点胜过缺点

句型10:Many people claim that...很多人认为_____________

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